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2013 Census ethnic group profiles:
Polish
Labour force

Labour force

For people aged 15 years and over identifying with the Polish ethnic group and living in New Zealand on 5 March 2013:

  • Of the people aged 15 years and over, 64.4 percent were in the labour force. This was higher than in 2006 (61.2 percent).
  • 67.5 percent of men and 62.4 percent of women were in the labour force.
  • Those aged 30–64 years were most likely to be in the labour force (71.8 percent).
  • Those aged 65 years and over were least likely to be in the labour force (2.9 percent).
  • Those born in New Zealand had a higher rate of labour force participation (73.0 percent) than those born overseas (61.3 percent).
 
Work and labour force status
Polish and European ethnic groups, and New Zealand population aged 15 years and over
2006 and 2013 Censuses
 
  Polish European NZ population
  2006 2013 2006 2013 2006 2013
Work and labour force status Percent
Employed full-time 44.3 45.3 50.4 49.3 50.1 48.0
Employed part-time 13.0 13.1 15.6 15.2 14.9 14.3
Total people, employed 57.1 58.6 65.9 64.5 65.0 62.3
Unemployed 4.0 5.9 2.7 3.7 3.5 4.8
Total people, labour force 61.2 64.4 68.7 68.2 68.5 67.1
Not in the labour force 38.8 35.6 31.3 31.8 31.5 32.9
Total people 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Source: Statistics New Zealand


Unemployment

For people in the labour force aged 15 years and over identifying with the Polish ethnic group and living in New Zealand on 5 March 2013:

  • 9.4 percent were unemployed, up from 6.2 percent in 2006.
  • Those aged 30–64 years were most likely to be unemployed (51.4 percent).

Employment

For employed people aged 15 years and over identifying with the Polish ethnic group and living in New Zealand on 5 March 2013:

  • 77.6 percent were employed full time (30 or more hours per week). This was an increase from 77.3 percent in 2006.
  • 77.9 percent of those born in New Zealand were employed full time, compared with 77.6 percent of those born overseas.
  • Men were more likely than women to be in full-time employment, at 85.7 percent and 71.6 percent, respectively.

Occupation

For employed people aged 15 years and over identifying with the Polish ethnic group and living in New Zealand on 5 March 2013:

  • The most common occupations were: professionals (37.9 percent), managers (13.9 percent), and clerical and administrative workers (11.8 percent).
  • Both men and women were most likely to be employed as professionals, at 38.4 percent and 37.5 percent, respectively.

Occupation for employed Polish ethnic group aged 15 years and over
By sex
2013 Census
Occupations (ANZSCO) for employed specified ethnic group aged 15 years and over, by sex, 2013 Census


Industry

For employed people aged 15 years and over identifying with the Polish ethnic group and living in New Zealand on 5 March 2013:

  • The most common industries worked in were: professional, scientific and technical services (13.9 percent), education and training (11.8 percent), and health care and social assistance (11.2 percent).
  • Men were most likely to work in the professional, scientific and technical services industry (18.2 percent), and women were most likely to work in the health care and social assistance industry (15.4 percent).
Industry
Polish and European ethnic groups, and New Zealand employed population aged 15 years and over
2013 Census
 
  Polish European NZ population
Industry(1) Percent
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 1.5 7.3 6.7
Mining 0.6 0.3 0.3
Manufacturing 6.8 9.0 9.8
Electricity, gas, water and waste services 0.6 0.7 0.7
Construction 5.6 8.5 8.0
Wholesale trade 4.7 5.1 5.0
Retail trade 8.8 9.5 9.8
Accommodation and food services 7.1 4.8 5.8
Transport, postal and warehousing 2.7 4.0 4.3
Information media and telecommunications 3.2 1.9 1.8
Financial and insurance services 3.5 3.6 3.6
Rental, hiring and real estate services 1.8 2.8 2.6
Professional, scientific and technical services 13.9 9.3 8.7
Administrative and support services 3.2 3.1 3.4
Public administration and safety 7.4 5.2 5.1
Education and training 11.8 8.8 8.4
Health care and social assistance 11.2 9.8 10.0
Arts and recreation services 2.4 2.0 1.9
Other services 2.9 4.2 4.0
Total people 100.0 100.0 100.0

1. Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification 2006 (ANZSIC06 V1.0).
Source: Statistics New Zealand


Status in employment

For employed people aged 15 years and over identifying with the Polish ethnic group and living in New Zealand on 5 March 2013:

  • 3.8 percent were employers, down from 6.2 percent in 2006.
  • Men were more likely than women to be self-employed without employees, with 15.4 percent and 8.6 percent, respectively.
Status in employment
Polish and European ethnic groups, and New Zealand employed population aged 15 years and over
2006 and 2013 Censuses

  Polish European NZ population
  2006 2013 2006 2013 2006 2013
Status in employment Percent
Paid employee 80.1 83.6 77.1 77.7 78.4 79.4
Employer 6.2 3.8 7.9 7.3 7.4 6.6
Self-employed and without employees 11.3 11.1 12.9 13.1 12.2 12.1
Unpaid family worker 2.1 1.2 2.0 2.0 2.1 1.9
Total people 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Source: Statistics New Zealand


Note: Work and labour force information relates to the seven days ending 5 March 2006 and 3 March 2013.

This data has been randomly rounded to protect confidentiality. Individual figures may not add up to totals, and values for the same data may vary in text, tables, and graphs. The accuracy of percentages may be affected by this rounding, particularly for ethnic groups with small populations.

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