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Population
   
Tirohia tēnei whārangi i te reo Māori

Population information covers both the Māori ethnic population and people of Māori descent. The following table shows the number of people who identified with either Māori ethnicity or Māori descent, or both.

Māori ethnic and Māori descent populations
2013 Census
   Māori descent No Māori descent 
 Māori ethnicity  561,333  4,212
 No Māori ethnicity  107,391  3,061,275
Note: Counts are for total people who stated they were or were not of Māori descent and/or Māori ethnicity.
Source: Statistics New Zealand

One in seven people living in New Zealand are of Māori ethnicity

  • One in seven people (598,605 or 14.9 percent) usually living in New Zealand in 2013 belonged to the Māori ethnic group – a 5.9 percent increase from 2006.
  • Of the 2013 Māori ethnic population, 98.2 percent were born in New Zealand and 1.8 percent were born overseas.
  • The Māori ethnic group population has increased by 163,758 people (almost 40 percent) in the past 22 years, up from 434,847 in 1991 to 598,605 in 2013.
Māori ethnic group population
1991–2013 Censuses
Census Māori ethnic group population
 Number Percentage change
1991  434,847  …
1996  523,371  20.4
2001  526,281  0.6
2006  565,329  7.4
2013  598,605  5.9
Symbol: … not applicable
Source: Statistics New Zealand

Almost half of all people in the Māori ethnic group (278,196 or 46.5 percent) identified Māori as their only ethnicity. This is a decrease from 52.8 percent in 2006.

For the people in the Māori ethnic group who did not identify Māori as their only ethnicity:

  • 273,192 (45.6 percent) identified Māori and one other ethnicity
  • 38,079 (6.4 percent) identified Māori and two other ethnicities
  • 9,138 (1.5 percent) identified Māori and three or more other ethnicities.

One-third of people of Māori descent are aged under 15 years

  • In 2013, 668,724 people (17.5 percent) usually living in New Zealand were of Māori descent – a 3.8 percent increase from 2006. 
  • Of the Māori descent population, 97.9 percent were born in New Zealand and 2.1 percent were born overseas.
  • Around one-third (33.1 percent) of people of Māori descent were aged under 15 years, while 5.6 percent were aged 65 years and over.
Māori descent population
1991–2013 Censuses
Census Māori descent population
Number Percentage change
1991 511,278
1996 579,714 13.4
2001 604,110 4.2
2006 643,977 6.6
2013 668,724 3.8
Symbol: … not applicable
Source: Statistics New Zealand

Ngāpuhi remains the largest iwi for people of Māori descent

  • In 2013, the largest iwi for people of Māori descent was Ngāpuhi, with 125,601 people. Since 2006, the number of people of Māori descent stating Ngāpuhi as their iwi increased by 3,390 people (2.8 percent).
  • The second-largest iwi in 2013 for people of Māori descent was Ngāti Porou, with 71,049 people – a decrease of 1.2 percent from 2006.
  • Of the South Island iwi, Ngāi Tahu was by far the largest, with a count of 54,819 people of Māori descent. This compares with 49,185 people in 2006. Ngāi Tahu is also the third-largest iwi overall in 2013.
  • A total of 110,928 people of Māori descent did not know their iwi. This is an increase of 8.4 percent compared with 2006, and a 0.8 percent decrease since 2001.
Ten largest iwi in 2013
2006 and 2013 Censuses
Iwi(1)  Iwi population
 2006 Census 2013 Census  Percentage change
Ngāpuhi  122,211  125,601 2.8
Ngāti Porou  71,910  71,049 -1.2
Ngāi Tahu  49,185  54,819 11.5
Waikato  33,429  40,083 19.9
Ngāti Tūwharetoa  34,674  35,874 3.5
Ngāti Maniapoto  33,627  35,358 5.1
Tūhoe  32,670  34,890 6.8
Ngāti Kahungunu ki Te Wairoa  20,982  21,060 0.4
Te Arawa  23,316  19,719 -15.4
Ngāti Kahungunu, region unspecified  18,459  18,285 -0.9
Total Māori who identified with an iwi  512,325  535,941 4.6
1. Based on the Statistics NZ iwi classification.
Source: Statistics New Zealand
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