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Definitions and information about the data

Definitions

Adult: a person aged 15 years or over.

Census usually resident population count: a count of all people who usually live in, and were present in, New Zealand on census night. The census usually resident population count of an area is a count of all people who usually live in that area and were present in New Zealand on census night.

Child: a person aged under 15 years.

Denomination: the church or religious sect that forms a subgroup of a religion. Denominations of a particular religion share the same principles but differ from each other in aspects such as the form of worship, or how they are governed.

Ethnicity/ethnic group: the ethnic group or groups a person identifies with or has a sense of belonging to. It is a measure of cultural affiliation (in contrast to race, ancestry, nationality, or citizenship). Ethnicity is self-perceived and a person can belong to more than one ethnic group. A person belonging to more than one ethnic group is counted once in each applicable group at the level of the classification that is being used.

Language spoken: the language(s) a person can speak or use. This includes New Zealand Sign Language and other sign languages. A person can report speaking or using more than one language. A person who reports speaking more than one language is counted once in each applicable group at the level of the classification that is being used.

Major ethnic group: there are six major ethnic groups: European, Māori, Pacific peoples, Asian, Middle Eastern/Latin American/African, and other ethnicity. (The major ethnic groups are the categories in level one of the ethnicity classification.)

Median age: half are younger, and half are older than this age.

Multilingual people: people who can speak more than one language.

Not elsewhere classified (nec): responses that have no appropriate category, because they are infrequent or unanticipated.

Not further defined (nfd): categories of ethnicity, birthplace, language spoken, and religious affiliation may include 'not further defined' in their descriptors. Responses have been coded to these categories when some information has been provided but not enough to code them to a more specific category. For example:

  • if someone gave one of their religious affiliations as ‘Christian’ without specifying the denomination, then it was coded to ‘Christian not further defined’
  • if someone gave one of their religious affiliations as ‘Protestant’ without providing any more specific information, then it was coded to ‘Protestant not further defined’.

Religious affiliation: the self-identified association of a person with a religion, denomination, or sub-denominational religious group. A person can affiliate with more than one religion. A person affiliating with more than one religion is counted once in each applicable group at the level of the classification that is being used.

Religion: a set of beliefs and practices that usually involves acknowledgement of a divine or higher being or power, and that guides people's conduct and morals.

Years since arrival in New Zealand: the number of completed years up to census night, since a person born overseas first arrived to live in New Zealand as a permanent or long-term resident. This includes any intervening absences, whether temporary or long term.

Information about the data

Ethnic group, language spoken, and religious affiliation responses

People could give more than one response on their individual census form for their ethnic group, language spoken, or religious affiliation. Where a person reported more than one ethnic group, language, or religious affiliation, they were counted in each applicable group.

Comparability with past censuses

Because the 2011 Census was cancelled after the Canterbury earthquake on 22 February 2011, the gap between this census and the last one is seven years. The change in the data between 2006 and 2013 may be greater than in the usual five-year gap between censuses. Be careful when comparing trends.

Subject population

All 2013 data in this report is based on the census usually resident population count from New Zealand's 2013 Census of Population and Dwellings, held on 5 March 2013. The 2006 and 2001 data that has been included for comparison purposes is based on the census usually resident population counts from New Zealand's 2006 and 2001 Censuses, respectively.

Calculation of percentages

Unless otherwise stated, all percentages and ratios in this report exclude responses that cannot be classified (eg 'not stated', 'response unidentifiable', 'response outside scope').

Confidentiality

The data in this report has been randomly rounded to protect confidentiality. Individual figures may not add up to totals, and values for the same data may vary in different tables.

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