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Household income

A household is either one person who usually resides alone, or two or more people who usually reside together and share facilities (such as for eating, cooking, or a living area; and bathroom and toilet) in a private dwelling.

A household was counted as receiving a source of income if one or more household members aged 15 years and over who were at home on census night reported receiving that source of income. Household members' sources of income relate to the 12 months ending 5 March 2013. Many households will have received income from more than one source during the year. The main source of income cannot be identified.

High proportion of one-person households receive NZ superannuation or veterans pension

  • Wages and salaries were the most common source of income for all household types (69.6 percent of households received this type of income).
  • Of one-person households, at some point in the previous 12 months:
    • 43.0 percent received some income from wages and salaries
    • 42.1 percent received some income from NZ superannuation or veterans pension.
  • In two or more family households, while 89.4 percent of households received income from wages and salaries, 59.7 percent also received some income from government transfers. This includes 24.2 percent receiving income from the domestic purposes benefit at some point in the previous 12 months.

Graph, selected sources of household income, by household composition, 2013 Census.

Growth in household income slows

The median household income from all sources was:

  • $63,800 in 2013
  • $51,400 in 2006
  • $39,600 in 2001.

This means that median household annual income from all sources grew by:

  • 24.1 percent in the seven years from 2006 to 2013
  • 29.8 percent in the five years from 2001 to 2006.

Median household income highest in the Auckland region

In the regional council areas, highest median household income from all sources was in:

  • Auckland ($76,500)
  • Wellington ($74,300)
  • Canterbury ($65,000).

In the regional council areas, lowest median household income from all sources was in:

  • Northland ($46,900)
  • Manawatu-Wanganui ($50,000)
  • Gisborne ($50,500).

Half of one-family households receive an income of over $70,000

The proportion of households receiving an annual income of $70,001 or more was:

  • 56.1 percent for one-family households
  • 78.2 percent for two or more family households
  • 45.8 percent for other multi-person households
  • 11.9 percent for one-person households.

Note: Because of high non-response rates, be cautious when using household income data. High non-response rates can lead to bias in the data. This bias affects the aggregates and the distribution, with the proportion of people in low-income bands being under-counted. The bias means the data is not fit for use for certain purposes. The 2013 Census information by variable has more data-quality information.

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