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Personal income by ethnic group

While several differences between the median personal incomes for the major ethnic groups are shown in the table below, part of this difference may be explained by differences in median age between these groups. See Personal income by age.

Europeans have highest median personal income of the major ethnic groups

In the 2013 Census, the median personal incomes for the major ethnic groups were:

  • $37,100 for 'Other ethnicity' (includes 'New Zealander')
  • $30,900 for European
  • $22,500 for Māori
  • $20,100 for Asian
  • $19,800 for Middle Eastern/Latin American/African (MELAA)
  • $19,700 for Pacific peoples.

Gap between major ethnic groups' median personal income remains

The gap between the national (total) median personal income and the median personal income for Māori increased. The median personal income for Māori was:

  • $6,000 less than the $28,500 national median income in 2013 (and was 78.9 percent of the national median income)
  • $3,500 less than the $24,400 national median income in 2006 (and was 85.7 percent of the national median income).

The gap between national median personal income and median personal income for Pacific peoples also increased. The median personal income for Pacific peoples was:

  • $8,800 less than the $28,500 national median income in 2013 (and was 69.1 percent of the national median income)
  • $3,900 less than the $24,400 national median income in 2006 (and was 84.0 percent of the national median income).

Note: People were able to identify with more than one ethnic group. Be cautious when analysing income data by ethnic group because of the high non-response rate of certain ethnic groups. The non-response rate for income was highest for Pacific peoples and lowest for European.

Data from the New Zealand Income Survey shows that, from the year to June 2008 until the year to June 2013, median weekly incomes for all people aged 15 years and over show similar ethnicity trends to this census data.

Median personal income and median age
By ethnic group(1)
2006 and 2013 Censuses  

Ethnic group  

Median income ($)(2) 

Median age (years)

2006 Census 

2013 Census 

2006 Census 

2013 Census 

Total population(3) 

24,400 

28,500 

35.9 

38.0 

European 

25,400 

30,900 

38.1 

41.0 

Māori 

20,900 

22,500 

22.7 

23.9 

Pacific peoples 

20,500 

19,700 

21.1 

22.1 

Asian 

14,500 

20,100 

28.3 

30.6 

Middle Eastern/Latin American/African 

16,100 

19,800 

26.5 

28.6 

Other ethnicity(4) 

31,200 

37,100 

40.2 

41.8 

1. Includes all people who stated each ethnic group, whether as their only ethnic group or as one of several. Where a person reported more than one ethnic group, they were counted in each applicable group.

2. Median personal income is rounded to the nearest $100.

3. Census usually resident population count aged 15 years and over.

4. Consists of responses for a number of small ethnic groups and for New Zealander.

Source: Statistics New Zealand 

 

Differences in median personal income from total population
By ethnic group(1)
2006 and 2013 Censuses  

Ethnic group 

Difference between total population and ethnic group median income ($)(2)

Proportion of total population median income by ethnic group (%) 

2006 Census

2013 Census 

2006 Census

2013 Census 

Total population 

… 

… 

100.0  

100.0 

European 

1,000 

2,400 

104.1  

108.4 

Māori 

-3,500 

-6,000 

85.7 

78.9 

Pacific peoples 

-3,900 

-8,800 

84.0 

69.1 

Asian 

-9,900 

-8,400 

59.4 

70.5 

Middle Eastern/Latin American/African 

-8,300 

-8,700 

66.0 

69.5 

Other ethnicity(3) 

6,800 

8,600 

127.9 

130.2 

1. Includes all people who stated each ethnic group, whether as their only ethnic group or as one of several. Where a person reported more than one ethnic group, they were counted in each applicable group.

2. Median personal income is rounded to the nearest $100.

3. Consists of responses for a number of small ethnic groups and for New Zealander.

Symbol: ... not applicable

Source: Statistics New Zealand 

 

Note: Data on 15–19-year-olds is not shown because of issues with displaying some information in these graphs.
Includes all people who stated each ethnic group, whether as their only ethnic group or as one of several. Where a person reported more than one ethnic group, they were counted in each applicable group.
MELAA refers to Middle Eastern/Latin American/African ethnic groups.
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