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New Zealand

For statistical purposes, the term ‘New Zealand’ refers to 'geographic New Zealand'. In addition to the North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands, geographic New Zealand includes the following offshore islands: Kermadec Islands, Three Kings Islands, Mayor Island, Motiti Island, White Island, Moutohora Island, Bounty Islands, Snares Islands, Antipodes Islands, Auckland Islands and Campbell Island. The Taranaki and Southland oil rigs are also included in New Zealand. For the purposes of the 2006 Census, counts of the number of males and females at Ross Dependency are recorded, but questionnaires are not collected from these people. Geographic New Zealand does not include the Cook Islands, Niue or the Tokelau Islands.

Non-familial relationship

A relationship in which a person is not related to another person by blood, registered marriage, civil union, consensual union, fostering or adoption.

Non-private dwelling

Refer also to 'occupied non-private dwelling'.

Not elsewhere classified

A ‘not elsewhere classified’ (nec) category is a residual category used for responses for which no appropriate category exists. Such responses are usually infrequent or unanticipated. These categories never appear within classifications as stand-alone descriptors, but are combined with descriptors, often taken from a higher level in the classification.

Not elsewhere included

The categories 'not stated', 'response outside scope', 'response unidentifiable', 'refused to answer' and 'don't know' may be output separately.

Where a combination item of residuals is to be used in output, this item should be labelled 'not elsewhere included' and should have a footnote indicating its composition.

Not further defined

A 'not further defined' (nfd) category is a type of residual category that is used in hierarchical classification for responses containing insufficient detail to be classified to the most detailed level of a classification, but which can be classified to a less detailed category further up the hierarchy.

Not in the labour force

Any person in the working-age population (people aged 15 years and over) who is neither employed nor unemployed. For example, this category includes:

  • retired people
  • people with personal or family responsibilities, such as unpaid housework and childcare
  • people attending educational institutions
  • people permanently unable to work due to physical or mental disabilities
  • people who were temporarily unavailable for work in the survey reference week
  • people who are not actively seeking work.

Not stated

This category is used only where a respondent has not given any response to the question asked, that is, it is solely for non-response.

Number of bedrooms

A bedroom is defined as a room in a dwelling that is used, or intended to be used, for sleeping in. While the following rules apply, operationally, the number of bedrooms is determined by the respondent who completes the dwelling form on census night:

  • A room is considered to be a bedroom if it is furnished as a bedroom, even if it is not being used at the time of the census. A room furnished as a bedroom should include a sleeping facility such as a bed or mattress, and could include items such as a dresser or chest of drawers.
  • Room equivalents should not be counted for one-roomed dwellings (ie bed-sitting room). A one-roomed dwelling should be counted as having one bedroom and therefore one total room.
  • A sleepout adjacent to a private dwelling should be counted as a bedroom if it is used and/or furnished as a bedroom and is occupied by members of the same household as those occupying the dwelling.
  • A caravan adjacent to a private dwelling should be counted as a bedroom only if it is used as a bedroom and is occupied by members of the same household as those occupying the dwelling.
  • A room (such as a living room) that is used as a bedroom at night, either short term or long term, should not be counted as a bedroom unless the only bedroom facilities in the dwelling are in that room. If the only bedroom facilities in a dwelling are in a room that is also used for another purpose (ie in a living room), this room should be counted as a bedroom.

Number of children

Number of children is a derived variable that identifies the number of 'children in a family nucleus'.

Number of children born alive

The number of children ever born alive to each female aged 15 years and over, who usually resides in New Zealand. Foetal deaths and stillborn children are not included. Stepchildren, adopted children, foster children and wards of the State are also not included.

‘Number of children born alive’ is a cyclical topic, which was first asked about in the 1981 Census and repeated in the 1996 and 2006 Censuses.

Number of dependent children

Number of dependent children is a derived variable that identifies the number of 'dependent children'.

Number of motor vehicles

Number of motor vehicles is the number of motor vehicles that are mechanically operational, but not necessarily licensed or having a current warrant of fitness, and are available for private use by the usual residents of private dwellings.

Motor vehicles include:

  • cars, station wagons, vans, trucks, four-wheel-drive vehicles and other vehicles used on public roads
  • business vehicles available for private use by people in the dwelling
  • vehicles hired or leased
  • vehicles temporarily under repair.

They do not include:

  • motor bikes or scooters
  • vehicles used only for business
  • farm vehicles not licensed for road use
  • vehicles that belong to visitors
  • vehicles occasionally borrowed from another household.

Number of occupants

Number of occupants on census night is the number of people who are present in a particular dwelling in New Zealand on census night and who complete a census individual form at that dwelling.

Number of occupants on census night therefore includes:

  • people who usually live in the dwelling and are present at the time of the census
  • people who usually reside overseas but are present in the dwelling at the time of the census
  • people who usually reside elsewhere in New Zealand, but are present in the dwelling at the time of the census.

Number of occupants on census night excludes:

  • people who usually live in the dwelling but are absent at the time of the census.

Number of rooms

A room is defined as a space in a dwelling that is used, or intended to be used, for habitation and is enclosed by walls reaching from the floor to the ceiling or roof covering. Service areas are excluded. While the following rules apply, operationally, the number of rooms is determined by the respondent who completes the dwelling form on census night.

The total number of rooms includes habitable spaces such as bedrooms, kitchens, dining rooms, living rooms, lounge rooms, studies, games rooms, studios, hobby rooms, habitable cellars and attics. However, service areas such as pantries, hallways, spa rooms, walk-in wardrobes, corridors, verandahs, garages, laundries, toilets and bathrooms should not be counted as rooms.

If a dwelling is built in an open-plan style, then room equivalents should be counted as if they had walls between them.

Room equivalents should not be counted for one-roomed dwellings (ie bed-sitting rooms). A one-roomed dwelling should be counted as having one room only.

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