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U

Unemployed

All people in the working-age population (people aged 15 years and over) who, during the week ended 5 March 2006, were without a paid job, were available for work and: had actively sought work in the past four weeks (ended 5 March 2006); or had a new job to start within the next four weeks.

A person whose only job search method in the four weeks prior to census had been to look at job advertisements in the newspapers, is not considered to be actively seeking work.

Unemployment rate

The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed people expressed as a percentage of the labour force.

Unoccupied dwelling

A dwelling is defined as unoccupied if it is:

  • unoccupied at all times during the 12 hours following midnight on the night of the census, and
  • suitable for habitation.

Unpaid work

Unpaid work covers unpaid activities performed in the four weeks prior to census that are either:

  • for people living in the same household as the respondent, or
  • for people outside the respondent's household (for which the performance of those activities is not paid).

Unrelated

People who have a non-familial relationship.

Refer also to ‘non-familial relationship'.

Urban area

Urban areas are statistically defined areas with no administrative or legal basis. There is a three-part hierarchical subdivision of urban areas into:

  • main urban areas
  • secondary urban areas
  • minor urban areas.

Together, the populations in main, secondary and minor urban areas comprise the statistically defined 'urban' population of New Zealand. The urban area classification is designed to identify concentrated urban or semi-urban settlements without the distortions of administrative boundaries.

Refer also to 'main urban area', 'secondary urban area' and 'minor urban area' .

Usual residence

Usual residence is the meshblock of the dwelling where a person considers himself or herself to usually reside, except in the following cases:

  • People who board at another residence to attend primary or secondary school, and return to the home of their parent(s) or guardian(s) for the holidays, usually reside at the address of their parent(s) or guardian(s). Post-secondary students usually reside at the address where they live while studying.
  • Children in joint custody usually reside at the place where they spend more nights, or if they spend equal amounts of time at each residence, they usually reside at the place where they are at the time of the census.
  • People who are in rest homes, hospitals, prisons or other institutions usually reside where they consider themselves to live, and this may include the institution.
  • A person whose home is on any ship, boat or vessel permanently located in any harbour shall be deemed to usually reside at the wharf or landing place (or main wharf or landing place) of the harbour.
  • A person from another country who has lived, or intends to live, in New Zealand for 12 months or more usually resides at his or her address in New Zealand (for consistency with other population statistics, for example external migration).
  • People who spend equal amounts of time residing at different addresses, and cannot decide which address is their usual residence, usually reside at the address they are at on census night.
  • If none of the above guidelines apply, the person usually resides at the address he or she is surveyed at.

The definition of usual residence does not include a time criterion and instead uses the approach of self-definition. This is because a time criterion can lead to households and families being classified on an arbitrary basis. Furthermore, most people know where they usually live (reside) and as such this involves feelings of belonging, association and participation in and with a household.

Usual residence five years ago

Usual residence five years ago is the usual residence of a respondent on 6 March 2001.

Usual residence five years ago indicator

The usual residence five years ago indicator provides general information on where people usually resided five years ago, in relation to their present usual residence. A question on usual residence five years ago, in conjunction with a question on usual residence, provides information on the migration of people within New Zealand and from overseas to New Zealand.

Usual residence five years ago summary

This is a derived variable that summarises the respondent's usual residence five years ago. It combines the usual residence five years ago indicator (high-level information on where the respondent usually resided five years ago: same as usual residence; elsewhere in New Zealand; not born five years ago; overseas; or no fixed abode five years ago) with the respondent's usual residence five years ago and the respondent's usual residence, to provide high-level geographic information. For example, the count of people that now live in a different usual residence in the same regional council area.

Usual residence imputation

The usual residence imputation supplies a value for the usual residence meshblock, where a meshblock cannot be coded from the address information supplied by the respondent.

The usual residence meshblock imputation uses whatever level of geographic information that has been given, and various other responses from the individual. A usual residence meshblock is then imputed based on the distribution of known usual residence meshblocks for similar people.

Refer also to ‘imputation’ and ‘meshblock’.

Usual residence indicator

The usual residence indicator describes the relationship between a respondent's usual residence and their census night address. The standard output categories for usual residence indicator are:

  • same as census night address
  • elsewhere in New Zealand
  • overseas
  • no fixed abode.

Usual resident

Usual residents are people who usually live in the surveyed dwelling.

There are two types of usual residents: people who usually live in the dwelling and are present at the time of the census, and people who usually live in the dwelling but are absent at the time of the census (absentees).

There are two types of absentees: those who are elsewhere in New Zealand during the census and those who are overseas during the census.

Usual residents in non-private occupied dwellings

Usual residents in non-private occupied dwellings are people who were enumerated in a non-private occupied dwelling on census night and gave this non-private dwelling as their usual residence.

Refer also to ‘occupied non-private dwelling’.

Usual residents in occupied dwellings

Usual residents in occupied dwellings are people who were enumerated in private and non-private occupied dwellings on census night and gave this dwelling as being their usual residence, or people who were recorded as absent from a private occupied dwelling.

Usual residents in private dwellings

Usual residents in private dwellings are people who were enumerated at home in a private occupied dwelling on census night or who were recorded as absent from a private dwelling.

Usually resident population

Refer also to 'census usually resident population count'.

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