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As we transition to our new site, you'll still find some Stats NZ information here on this archive site.

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Data in the LBD

Find out what data is available in the LBD.

The LBD contains de-identified data about businesses, which comes from a range of government agencies and Stats NZ surveys.

The LBD contains de-identified data

The data held in the LBD has been ‘de-identified’, meaning any business identifiers have been removed or encrypted (ie replaced with another number) so that data records are not associated with named individuals. De-identification is one of the ways we keep the data safe – it supports analytical insights while maintaining privacy and confidentiality.

See De-identified data fact sheet for more information about the benefits, risks, and possible uses of de-identified data.

New data

Upcoming and recently added datasets for the IDI and LBD 
Find out which new datasets that will be added to the LBD in future and which datasets have been added recently. 

How to add a dataset to the IDI or LBD
Find out how to apply to get a new dataset added to the LBD and the different options for loading data.

LBD data

Researchers with an approved research project can access any (or all) of the following LBD databases. (Note: Unlike the process for accessing datasets in IDI, you do not have to apply for access to specific LBD datasets.

See:

Agriculture data

Agricultural Production Survey/Census – APS

Source: Stats NZ
Time period of data: 2002–2016

What the data is about: The Agricultural Production Survey/Census (APS) collects information on the inputs and outputs of agricultural production, including the total area of land by land use, application of various types of fertiliser, livestock numbers, and production of various crops. APS covers all businesses involved in agriculture (livestock and arable farming), horticulture, and forestry production as these industries are excluded from the Annual Enterprise Survey (AES) population. A census is conducted every five years with surveys being carried out in the intervening years.

See 2017 Agricultural Production Survey – information releases for more information about the survey.

Application code: APS

Back to list of LBD data

Business financials data

Annual Enterprise Survey – AES

Source: Stats NZ
Time period of data: 1999–2016

What the data is about: The Annual Enterprise Survey (AES) is New Zealand’s most comprehensive source of financial statistics. It provides annual information on the financial performance and financial position for industry and sector groups operating within New Zealand. AES data can be used to derive a range of financial ratios and profitability variables as well as national accounting variables, such as value added, gross output, and gross fixed capital formation.

See Annual Enterprise Survey for more information about the survey.

Application code: AES

Company income tax return – IR4

Source: Inland Revenue
Time period of data: 1999–2016

What the data is about: The IR4 form is an annual mandatory requirement for “all active New Zealand resident companies” as a declaration of taxable income for companies. The IR4 form also includes values of overseas income, interest and dividends, income from “business or rental activities,” the value of net loss carry forwards, net loss payments, and subversion payments. The IR4 also includes a number of disclosure questions, providing indicators of non-resident ownership or control, payments to non-residents, receipt of foreign-sourced dividends, and the value of any shares repurchased, redeemed or cancelled during the year.

See Income tax return: Companies IR4 for more information about the data.

Application code: IR4

Goods and services tax – GST

Source: Inland Revenue
Time period of data: 1999 – 2016

What the data is about: Goods and services tax (GST) returns are collected by Inland Revenue on a monthly, bi-monthly, or six-monthly basis depending on the size of the firm. The GST data are aggregated to annual totals in the LBD. The GST data collected have very broad coverage and non-compliance is low, so is often treated as full coverage; exceptions to this can be found in The Rough Guide to the LBD.

See Business Activity (GST) Indicator for more information about the data.

Application code: GST

Longitudinal Business Frame – LBF

Source: Stats NZ
Time period of data: 2000–2016

What the data is about: The Longitudinal Business Frame (LBF) is a longitudinal representation of the Business Register (BR) – the primary sampling frame used by Stats NZ. The LBF forms the backbone of the LBD, to which all other firm-level datasets are linked. The LBF captures basic information on all economically significant firms operating in New Zealand since 1999, including location, industry, business type, institutional sector, and parent-subsidiary relationships.

In addition to these core variables, the LBF also contains a range of information collected for the purposes of identifying Balance of Payments (BoP) survey populations. While the specific questions asked have changed over time, these have included indicators of substantial overseas assets, overseas revenue from or expenditure on services, an indicator of foreign subsidiary ownership, and the proportion of foreign ownership.

See Longitudinal Business Frame for more information about the data.

Application code: LBF

Tax-filed financial accounts information – IR10

Source: Inland Revenue
Time period of data: 1999–2016

What this data is about: The IR10 is an abbreviated set of financial accounts composed of a profit and loss statement, and a balance sheet. This consists of a front page, including a breakdown of income and expenditure, and a back page that summarises the firm’s balance sheet. The balance sheet items include fixed assets, liabilities, and shareholder’s funds.

See Financial statements summary IR10 for more information about the data.

Application code: IR10

Back to list of LBD data

Business practices data

Business Operations Survey – BOS

Source: Stats NZ
Time period of data: 2005–2017

What the data is about: Business Operations Survey (BOS) collects data on the behaviour and performance of businesses. The survey is explicitly designed to support longitudinal business-level research, as well as producing various cross-sectional aggregates. The survey has different modules each year. Module A collecting annual financial and employment data, and qualitative information on firm performance. Module B alternates between collecting innovation statistics (in odd years, using the revised Oslo Manual classification of four types: product, process, marketing, and organisational design), and information and communication technology use (in even years, following OECD guidelines). Module C content is open to competitive bidding between government agencies and the topic covered generally varies from year to year.

The general business practices module and innovation module have predecessor surveys also included in the LBD – the Business Practices Survey (BPS 2001) and the Innovation Survey (INN 2003) respectively.

See Business Operations Survey – information for participants for more information about the survey.

Application code: BOS

Business Practices Survey – BPS

Source: Stats NZ
Time period of data: 2001

What the data is about: This one off survey collected information on the use of information technology, adoption of specific management practices, and commitment to innovation. The Business Practices Survey (BPS 2001) is a predecessor to the general business practices module and innovation module of the Business Operations Survey (BOS).

See Business Practices Survey – information releases for more information about the survey.

Application code: BPS

Manufacturing Energy Use Survey – MEUS

Source: Stats NZ
Time period of data: 2006

What the data is about: The 2006 Manufacturing Energy Use Survey (MEUS) was carried out by Statistics NZ, in collaboration with the Ministry for Economic Development (MED), and the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority (EECA). The survey was a one-off collection designed to collect statistics about the use of energy in the manufacturing industry of New Zealand for the year ending 31 March 2006.

Stats NZ also collects information on energy use through the New Zealand Energy Use Survey, however this information is not currently available in the LBD.

See Manufacturing Energy Use Survey – information releases for more information about the survey.

Application code: EUS

Back to list of LBD data

Employment data

Employer-employee tax data

Source: Inland Revenue
Time period of data: from 1999

What the data is about: This data provides information on job flows and earnings through underlying employer monthly schedule (EMS), company shareholder details (IR4S), income tax return for partnerships (IR7/IR7P), and individual tax return (IR3) contained in the IDI.

Additional labour tables estimating headcount, full-time equivalent employment working proprietor labour input have also been made available to users by LBD researchers in the LBD research datalab area. These tables replace the LEED tables contained in instances of the LBD prior to 2015.

Application code: EETD

Linked Employer-Employee Data (LEED)

Source: Inland Revenue and Stats NZ
Time period of data: 1999–2013

What the data is about: LEED tables have been replaced in instances of the LBD from 2015 by the Employer-Employee Tax Data.

Back to list of LBD data

Innovation data 

Business Finance Survey – BFS

Source: Stats NZ and Ministry of Economic Development
Time period of data: 2004

What the data is about: The Business Finance Survey (BFS) was a one-off survey that collected information on recent debt and equity finance requests for businesses with between 1 and 500 employees. Information was also collected on the current financial structure of the businesses, and other characteristics that may have influenced the businesses’ ability to obtain finance.

This one-off survey was the first of its type to be conducted in New Zealand. It was developed by Stats NZ in collaboration with the Ministry of Economic Development (MED).

See Business Finance Survey – information release for more information about the survey.

Application code: BFS

Government Assistance Programme – GAP

Source:

  • Ministry of Business Innovation and Employment (MBIE) and its predecessors
  • New Zealand Trade and Enterprise
  • New Zealand Venture Investment Fund (NZVIF)
  • Te Puni Kokiri (TPK)
  • Ministry of Social Development (MSD)
  • Callaghan Innovation

Time period of data: 1994–2017 (varies by programme)

What the data is about: Government Assistance Programme (GAP) data relates to direct government funding and other forms of assistance to New Zealand businesses. It includes administrative data for policies addressing economic growth, international competitiveness, and business research and development. GAP includes data on public funding provided to businesses to motivate or facilitate innovation and growth, and non-financial assistance – through leadership programmes, training, or other services. GAP data are updated on an ad-hoc basis with the last update covering data up to 2013.

See Government Assistance Programme for information about the data.

Application code: GAP

Innovation Survey – INN

Source: Stats NZ Survey and the Ministry of Research, Science and Technology
Time period of data: 2003

What the data is about: The Innovation Survey (INN) collected information on the characteristics of innovation activity of private sector New Zealand businesses. This included levels of firm innovation, collaboration across firms and between firms and institutions for the purposes of innovation, factors which affect the firms’ ability to innovate, and the outcomes of innovation. The Innovation Survey is a predecessor to the general business practices module and innovation module of the Business Operations Survey (BOS).

See Innovation in New Zealand 2003 for more information about the survey.

Application code: INN

Intellectual Property Office data – IPO

Source: Intellectual Property Office of New Zealand (IPONZ)
Time period of data: 1972–2014

What the data is about: Intellectual Property Office (IPO) data are administrative records from IPONZ, the government agency responsible for granting and registration of intellectual property rights. Data has been linked to the LBD on an ad-hoc basis using different methodologies, the most recent iteration was in 2015.

The most recent iteration contains information on patent applications filed as well changes to patent attributes and ownership. Previous iterations contain information on patents as well as other types of intellectual property (IP) but provided less information on the attributes of that IP.

Application code: IPO

Research and Development Survey – R&D

Source: Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment (MBIE) and Stats NZ
Time period of data: 1996–2016

What this data is about: The Research and Development Survey (R&D) survey is a joint survey between MBIE and Stats NZ, it is the main source of aggregate R&D expenditure information in New Zealand and is gathered from universities, government departments and firms. The R&D Survey collects information on current and capital expenditure and employment in R&D, as well as high-level information on funding sources and the purpose(s) of research being undertaken. The survey is conducted every even year and excludes industries that are deemed to be non-R&D performing, for example wholesale and retail trade.

See Research and Development Survey – information releases –  for more information about the survey.

Application code: RAD

Back to list of LBD data

International trade and tourism data

Accommodation Survey

Source: Stats NZ
Time period of data: 1996–2017

What the data is about: The Accommodation Survey Information provides monthly information on short-term commercial accommodation activity. The survey covers a range of accommodation providers including hotels and resorts, motels (includes motor inns and serviced apartments), backpacker accommodation (includes short-stay hostels), and holiday parks (includes caravan parks and camping grounds).

See Accommodation Survey – information releases for more information about the survey.

Application code: CAM

Annual International Investment Survey – AIIS

Source: Stats NZ
Time period of data: 2001–2013 BPM5 methodology only

What the data is about: The data are collected from businesses with foreign ownership and New Zealand-owned businesses that have either assets and liabilities or business interests located internationally and cover international stock measures. These data are used to measure New Zealand's investment overseas (international assets) and foreign investment in New Zealand (international liabilities). The data collected in the Annual International Investment Survey (AIIS) accounts for approximately five percent of New Zealand's international assets and liabilities with the more detailed Quarterly International Investment Survey (QIIS) accounting for the other 95 percent.

See Quarterly and Annual International Investment Surveys for more information about the survey.

Application code: AIIS

Overseas Merchandise Trade – OMT

Source: New Zealand Customs Services
Time period of data: 1988–2016

What the data is about: The New Zealand Customs Service collects information on all imports and exports of goods above the value of NZ$1,000. If this information is associated with a firm, this is collected as merchandise trade data. Information that is collected includes daily shipment-level information covering goods, countries of origin and destination, values, quantities, weights, currency of trade, port of entry/exit, and mode of transportation.

See Overseas merchandise trade for more information about the data.

Application code: OMT

Quarterly International Investment Survey – QIIS

Source: Stats NZ
Time period of data: 2000–2016

What the data is about: The data are collected from businesses with foreign ownership and New Zealand-owned businesses that have either assets and liabilities or business interests located internationally and cover international stock and income measures. These data are used to measure New Zealand's investment overseas (international assets) and foreign investment in New Zealand (international liabilities). The data collected in the Quarterly International Investment Survey (QIIS) accounts for approximately 95 percent of New Zealand's international assets and liabilities the less detailed Annual International Investment Survey (AIIS) accounting for the other 5 percent.

See Quarterly and Annual International Investment Survey for more information on the survey.

Application code: QIIS

Quarterly International Trade in Services and Royalties Survey/Census – ITSS

Source: Stats NZ
Time period of data: 1998–2013 (does not include data under the new BPM6 classification)

What the data is about: The data are collected from businesses that import/export commercial services or payments made/received abroad for royalties. The International Trade in Services and Royalties Survey (ITSS) data are compiled from the quarterly ITSS, which aims to capture approximately 95 percent of the value of international services trade, and an ad hoc census, run in 1999, 2005, and 2011, which is used to benchmark the remaining non-sampled estimate of the ITSS.

See Quarterly International Trade in Services and Royalties– information for participants for more information about the survey.

Application code: ITSS

National Survey of Employers

Source: MBIE
Time period of data: 2014–2016

What the data is about: The NSE collects data on workplace practices in New Zealand businesses within the context of current employment-focused legislation. The survey monitors employer practices and views on workplace relations and employment standards, health and safety, and employing recent migrants. Some questions in the NSE remain consistent from year to year, or are asked every few years, to monitor changes over time in workplace practices. Other questions are added as needed to address MBIE’s current and future focused work priorities.

Application code: NSE

 

Back to list of LBD data

Page updated 11 June 2018

 

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