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Balance of Payments and International Investment Position: March 2015 quarter
Embargoed until 10:45am  –  17 June 2015
Definitions

About the balance of payments and international investment position

Balance of payments (BoP): New Zealand's BoP statements are records of the value of New Zealand’s transactions with the rest of the world in goods, services, primary income, and secondary income. They also record changes in New Zealand’s financial claims on (assets), and liabilities to, the rest of the world.

International investment position (IIP): New Zealand’s IIP statement provides a snapshot of the country’s international financial assets and liabilities. It measures the stock (or level) of New Zealand's financial assets and liabilities with the rest of the world at a particular point in time.

The IIP includes New Zealand's net international debt (lending to non-residents less borrowing from non-residents) and net international equity investment (investment in shares abroad less foreign investment in New Zealand company shares). A net international debtor position means that international liabilities exceed international assets.

The BoP and IIP statistics are closely related, with the former measuring transaction flows and the latter measuring stock positions. The difference in the level of international financial assets and liabilities between two points in time is due to: 

  • BoP financial account transactions
  • other (non-transactional) changes that occurred during the period (eg revaluations, changes in market prices, and other changes such as write-offs).

More definitions are available in earlier Balance of Payments and International Investment Position information releases.

 

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