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Employment

High employment rate

The proportion of the working-age population that is employed in New Zealand is higher than the average proportion for other OECD countries. In 2004, 73.2 percent of New Zealanders aged 15 to 64 years were employed, compared with an OECD average of 65.0 percent. New Zealand had the sixth-highest employment rate in the OECD. The employment rates for women were the eighth-highest, while men had the fourth-highest in the OECD (66.1 percent and 80.6 percent, respectively).

 

Employment Rate

(percentage of 15–64 year olds in employment), 2004

   Rate
 OECD 65.0
 New Zealand 73.2

High labour force participation rate

The labour force participation rate measures the proportion of people of working age who are in the labour force, either employed or unemployed. In 2004, more than three-quarters (76.4 percent) of New Zealanders aged 15 to 64 years were in the labour force, compared with an OECD average of 69.9 percent. The participation rates for New Zealand women were the ninth-highest in the OECD (69.3 percent), while New Zealand men had the fifth-equal-highest rate (83.7 percent).

 

Labour Force Participation rate

(percentage of 15–64 year olds in the labour force), 2004

  Rate
 OECD 69.9
 New Zealand 76.4

High proportion of part-time workers

In 2004, New Zealand had the fifth-highest proportion of part-time workers in the OECD, just below Australia and the United Kingdom. In this same year, 22.1 percent of New Zealand’s employed people worked fewer than 30 hours per week. This included 35.4 percent of women and 10.8 percent of men. The incidence of part-time work varied widely within the OECD, from 35.0 percent of the workforce in the Netherlands to just 2.8 percent in the Slovak Republic.

 

Part-time Employment

(part-time employment as percentage of all employment), 2004

  Males Females Total
 OECD  7.3 25.2 15.0
 New Zealand 10.8 35.4 22.1
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