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Sector of Landlord

Sector of Landlord Tables

This analysis explores the types of landlord that rent dwellings to New Zealanders, and highlights regional variations in private and public landlord numbers and proportions. An examination of the landlord sector gives an insight into the increasing demand on the private and public sector to provide affordable and suitable rental housing for the New Zealand population, now and in the future.

National Trend

There was an increase of 95,607 (36.3 percent) in the number of households paying rent for the dwelling they occupy, between 1991 and 2001. However, this increase was not spread evenly over landlord types. In fact, the increase in households renting from private landlords ('Private Person' or 'Private Trust') was 121,794 (94.3 percent) over the same period.

There was a decrease in the number of households renting from all other landlord types over the same period. The largest decrease (both in number and percentage) was in the 'Business or Other Organisation' category. In 1991, 31,191 households paying rent had a landlord in the 'Business or Other Organisation' category, whereas in 2001 the figure was only 13,581 households (a decrease of 17,610 or 56.5 percent).

Housing New Zealand Coporation (HNZC) experienced the largest numerical decrease for a public sector landlord of 11,052 (17.4 percent), over the 1991-2001 period. The category 'Other State Landlord' experienced the largest percentage decrease of 51.1 percent (6,717 households).

Figure 1

Graph, Sector of Landlord for Rented Households.

Source: Statistics New Zealand, Census of Population and Dwellings, 1991, 1996 and 2001.

Dividing landlord types into public sector (HNZC, 'Local Authorities/City Councils', 'Other State Landlords') and private landlord or business ('Private Person', 'Private Trust', 'Business or Other Organisation') highlights the dominant national trend over the years 1991--2001. Over this period, there was an increase of 104,184 (65.0 percent) in the number of households renting from private landlords or businesses but a decrease of 19,077 (20.7 percent) in number of households renting from public sector landlords. Differently stated; in 1991 36.5 percent of households paying rent did so to the public sector, whereas in 2001 this figure had dropped to 21.6 percent.

Figure 2
Number of Households Renting from Each Sector of Landlord, 1991, 1996 and 2001

Sector of Landlord 1991 1996 2001
Private Landlord or Business 160,317 196,188 264,501
Public Sector 92,124 75,819 73,047

Source: Statistics New Zealand, Census of Population and Dwellings, 1991, 1996 and 2001.

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Regional Trend

In line with the national trend, all regions showed an increase in the number of households renting from private landlords or businesses, and a decrease in the number renting from public landlords over the period 1991-2001.

The largest percentage change in the number of households renting from private landlords or businesses was in Tasman Region, where there was an 88.0 percent increase (1,164 households). The largest numerical change occurred in Auckland Region where there was an increase of 34,392 households (70.3 percent).

Correspondingly, all regions recorded a decrease in the number of households renting from the public sector, with the largest percentage decrease experienced by Southland Region (40.4 percent, or 678 households). The largest numerical decrease (3,366 households or 23.7 percent) occurred in Wellington Region.

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Territorial Authority Trend

There was an increase in the number of households renting from private landlords or businesses in all territorial authorities between 1991 and 2001. Porirua City recorded the largest percentage increase of 164.7 percent (1,398 households), while Ruapehu District recorded the smallest percentage increase at 14.2 percent (111 households).

All but three territorial authorities recorded a decrease in the number of households renting from the public sector. Of those that showed an increase, Waitakere City had the highest percentage increase of 11.7 percent (297 households) while Manukau City had the greatest numerical increase of 306 households (4.1 percent).

Figure 3
Territorial Authorities with a Percentage and Numerical Increase in the Number of Households Renting from the Public Sector 1991- 2001

Territorial Authority Public Sector Percentage Increase Public Sector Numerical Increase Private Sector Percentage Increase Private Sector Numerical Increase
Waitakere City 11.7 297 120.6 5817
Manukau City 4.1 306 114.0 7833
Tauranga District 1.2 12 121.1 4212

Note: In this table "Private Landlords' include businesses.

Source: Statistics New Zealand, Census of Population and Dwellings, 1991 and 2001.

Although the increase in public sector rentals in Waitakere City, Manukau City and Tauranga District was against the trend for all other territorial authorities, these three also experienced a large increase in the number of rentals from private people or businesses over the same period. Furthermore, the increase in number and percentage of rentals from private people or businesses for these three territorial authorities was far greater than the increase in the public sector.

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Important Information

Not Owned (renting households)

This analysis refers only to the tenure of household category:

  • Dwelling not owned by usual resident(s), who make rent payments
  • The other not owned (renting) tenure of household categories are excluded.

Sector of Landlord

Sector of Landlord categories used in this analysis:

  • Private Person
  • Private Trust (collected in 2001 only)
  • Business or Other Organisation
  • Local Authority or City Council
  • Housing New Zealand Corporation (HNZC)
  • Other State-Owned Corporation or State-Owned Enterprise (Other State Landlord)

Calculations

Percentages have been calculated using stated answers only.

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