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Indicator 6: multi-family households

Discussion

The concept of multi-family households is related to indicators of crowding and occupancy rates. Multi-family households are those where two or more family nuclei (see glossary) reside in the same dwelling.

Nationally, multi-family households accounted for 3.9 percent of all family households in 2006, but there was a large regional variation. The Auckland and Gisborne regions are where multi-family households are most highly concentrated.

There are various reasons that might cause several families to live in the same dwelling, some temporary, some long term. These may include cultural preference, social cohesion and accepting high occupant density as a means of containing cost. Immigrant families that have just arrived in New Zealand may live with other families until they are able to find a dwelling of their own. Ethnicity is also a factor: of the usually resident population in family households in 2006, 24.0 percent of those with Pacific ethnicity were usually resident in all multi-family households compared with only 3.9 percent of those with European ethnicity. It follows that the Auckland Region, which has a large immigrant and Pacific peoples population, has a higher than average percentage of multi-family households: 6.3 percent of all family households are multi-family households compared with only 3.9 percent nationally.

Of all the territorial authorities in 2006, Manukau City recorded the highest ratio of multi-family to family households (10.5 percent), while Hurunui District recorded the lowest (0.7 percent). Far North District was the closest to the national average at 4.0 percent.

Graph, Percentage of Family Households that are Multi-family Households.

Tables

12.0 Multi-family households in private occupied dwellings as a percentage of all family households in private occupied dwellings, 1996, 2001, 2006
12.3 Median household income by family type for households in private occupied dwellings, 1996, 2001, 2006
12.5 Population aged 15 years and over usually resident in multi-family households in private occupied dwellings by ethnic group(s) as a percentage of the population aged 15 years and over usually resident in all family households in private occupied dwellings by ethnic group(s), 1996, 2001, 2006
12.8 Percentage of population aged 15 years and over which is non-English speaking for the population aged 15 years and over usually resident in multi-family households in private occupied dwellings, 1996, 2001, 2006

Specifications

  • Data source: Statistics New Zealand, Census of Population and Dwellings
  • Frequency: five yearly (available from 1996 onwards)
  • Geographic level of data availability: New Zealand, regional council, territorial authority and urban area. Data may be available down to area unit level subject to confidentiality.
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