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Indicator 7: one-parent families

Discussion

One-parent families, particularly those with dependent children, may have housing needs different from other groups within the population. People in one-parent families may face increased pressure as there is only one parent to provide the financial and social support required to maintain a household and rear children, roles traditionally fulfilled by two or more people. Indicators of housing suitability such as access to amenities (schools and shopping areas) are therefore likely to be important to these families.

As with all households in private dwellings in New Zealand the ownership rate for one-parent families has decreased over the last three censuses. However, the ownership rate for one-parent families has consistently been below the national average. In 2006, 66.9 percent of all households in private dwellings owned the dwelling they occupied, or held that dwelling in a family trust. For one-parent families with dependent children the figure was only 40.3 percent, indicating that these families have less tenure security than other family types.

In 2001, 29.2 percent of families with dependent children were one-parent families. This decreased to 28.1 percent in 2006. These figures vary across different ethnic groups. In 2006, 25.5 percent of European families with dependent children were one-parent families. For the Māori and Pacific peoples ethnicities, one-parent families accounted for 43.8 percent and 37.9 percent of families with dependent children, respectively.

Graph, Percentage of Families with at least OnceDependent Child that are One-parent Families.

Tables

13.1 One-parent families with dependant children as a percentage of all families with dependent children, 1996, 2001, 2006
13.7 Percentage of sole parents that are female for sole parents living in private occupied dwellings, 1996, 2001, 2006
13.8 Ownership rate for one-parent families with dependant children living in private occupied dwellings, 1996, 2001, 2006

Specifications

  • Data source: Statistics New Zealand, Census of Population and Dwellings
  • Frequency: five yearly (available from 1996 onwards)
  • Geographic level of data availability: New Zealand, regional council and territorial authority and urban area. Data may be available down to area unit level subject to confidentiality. 
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