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Estimated resident population

Definition

The estimated resident population of New Zealand is an estimate of all people who usually live in New Zealand at a given date.

The estimated resident population of New Zealand at a given date after census night is derived by updating the census usually resident population count for:

  • estimated net census undercount
  • the estimated number of residents temporarily overseas on census night
  • natural increase (births less deaths) between census night and the given date
  • net migration (arrivals less departures) between census night and the given date.

The estimated resident population is as at midnight of the reference date.

Terms such as ‘estimate', ‘natural increase’, and ‘migration’ are defined in the glossary.

Subnational estimates

The estimated resident population of an area in New Zealand is an estimate of all people who usually live in that area at a given date.

The estimated resident population for each area at a given date after census night is derived in the same way as described above.

Who is in this estimate?

Included

  • Residents in New Zealand.
  • Residents temporarily overseas.
  • Residents temporarily elsewhere in New Zealand are included at their usual address (for subnational counts only).

Excluded

  • Visitors from overseas.
  • Visitors from elsewhere in New Zealand (for subnational counts only).

Data quality

The estimated resident population uses data from many sources, including administrative data collected by organisations other than Statistics NZ. This data may be subject to error, depending on the coverage and quality of the information collected.

How to use this term

The wording of the term ‘estimated resident population’ clarifies that it is a demographic estimate, and differentiates it from the other two main population measures.

Use the full standard term when presenting data. For example:

  • “The estimated resident population of New Zealand at 30 June 2013 was 4.47 million.”

Do not use shortened terms, such as ‘resident population’ and ‘usually resident population’, because they can be confused with other population measures.

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