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As we transition to our new site, you'll still find some Stats NZ information here on this archive site.

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Related classifications and standards

New Zealand

Standard for usual residence (2008)

1. The standard for usual residence affects the census usually resident population count and the estimated resident population.

2. By definition, each respondent can only have one usual residence.

3. The term ‘usual’ must be included in the questionnaire module to make it clear that a usual residence is required.

4. Guidelines for identifying a respondent’s usual residence are given.

International

The standard population terms are comparable to the terms used by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). The ABS terms are described in the paper Population concepts (2008).

Statistics New Zealand

 Australian Bureau of Statistics

  •  census night population count
  •  census place of enumeration count
  •  census usually resident population count
  •  census usual residence count
  •  estimated resident population
  •  estimated resident population

Statistics NZ outputs most census data based on the census usually resident population count.

Before the 2006 Census in Australia, many of the Australian census products presented data based on the place of enumeration. From the 2006 Census onward, the focus was on place of usual residence. The estimated resident population (ERP) is the official measure of the population of Australia, and is based on the concept of usual residence.

United Nations Statistics Division

There are no international standards for collecting population data. The United Nations Statistics Division (UNSTATS) collect population data from most countries in the world. In the Demographic Yearbook 2012, UNSTATS stated: "As far as possible, the population statistics presented in the tables of the Demographic Yearbook refer to the de facto population. Those reported to have been based on the de jure concept are identified as such."

Terms such as ‘de facto’ and ‘de jure’ are defined in the glossary.

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