Population with low incomes

The data in this indicator is no longer being updated.

Stats NZ is developing well-being indicators, Indicators Aotearoa New Zealand - Ngā Tūtohu Aotearoa, to track New Zealand’s progress. As the well-being indicators have similar aims to the NZ Progress Indicators and NZ Social Indicators, we are reviewing the future of these existing indicators.

Please contact us at info@stats.govt.nz if you have any questions.

Why is this important for social statistics?

Low incomes can limit people’s abilities to take part in their community and society, and may lower their quality of life. Long-lasting low family income in childhood is associated with negative outcomes, such as lower levels of education and poorer health.

This indicator measures the proportion of the population in households with equivalised disposable income (ie after households have been made equivalent by taking into account differences in size and composition), after housing costs, below 60 percent of the median income.

How this indicator was calculated

Calculating low incomes is complex, and needs further explanation. The Ministry of Social Development has a full explanation in their Household Incomes in New Zealand reports.

See Household Incomes in New Zealand: Trends in indicators of inequality and hardship 1982 to 2015.

Downloadable file:

Excel icon. Population with low incomes – tables (Excel, 3 sheets, 23kb)

Includes breakdowns by year and age group.

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