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Classification and coding process

Classification criteria

ANZSRC – Type of activity classification (TOA)

Four types of activities applicable to research and development (R&D) are recognised in this classification:

• pure basic research
• strategic basic research
• applied research
• experimental development.

Where possible, a research project should be allocated to a single type of activity. If the project is large and involves multiple types of activity, then each relevant activity category should be attributed a proportion of resources relative to the project's total R&D expenditure.

ANZSRC – Fields of research classification (FOR)

The ANZSRC FOR allows R&D activity to be categorised according to the methodology used in the R&D, rather than the activity of the unit performing the R&D or the purpose of the R&D.

The categories in the classification include major fields and related sub-fields of research, and emerging areas of study, investigated by businesses, universities, tertiary institutions, national research institutions, and other organisations. This classification allows the categorisation of fields of research activity within Australia and New Zealand.

ANZSRC – Socio-economic objective classification (SEO)

The ANZSRC SEO classification allows R&D activity in Australia and New Zealand to be categorised according to the intended purpose or outcome of the research, rather than the processes or techniques used in order to achieve this objective.

The purpose categories include processes, products, health, education, and other social and environmental aspects in Australia and New Zealand that R&D activity aims to improve.

Classification

The Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification (ANZSRC) is the collective name for a set of three related classifications. The three classifications included in ANZSRC are:

• type of activity (TOA)
• fields of research (FOR)
• socio-economic objective (SEO).

1. TOA is a flat classification with four categories. Excluding residual categories:

Classification Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification – Type of Activity
Abbreviation ANZSRC.TOA
Version V1.0
Effective date 31-03-2008

Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification - Type of Activity

ANZSRC.TOA V1.0
1 Pure Basic Research
2 Strategic Basic Research
3 Applied Research
4 Experimental Development

The residual categories are defined in Glossary and references.

2. FOR is a hierarchic classification of three levels. Level 1 of the classification has 22 divisions, level 2 has 157 groups, and level 3 has 1,238 fields. Excluding residuals categories: 

Classification Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification – Fields of Research
Abbreviation ANZSRC.FOR
Version V1.0
Effective date 31-03-2008

Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification – Fields of Research

ANZSRC.FOR V1.0
01 Mathematical Sciences
02 Physical Sciences
03 Chemical Sciences
04 Earth Sciences
05 Environmental Sciences
06 Biological Sciences
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
08 Information and Computing Sciences
09 Engineering
10 Technology
11 Medical and Health Sciences
12 Built Environment and Design
13 Education
14 Economics
15 Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services
16 Studies in Human Society
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
18 Law and Legal Studies
19 Studies in the Creative Arts and Writing
20 Language, Communication and Culture
21 History and Archaeology
22 Philosophy and Religious Studies

The above classification only displays the classification at it’s highest level. The full classification is available in the 'Available Files' section on the research page.

The residual categories are defined in Glossary and references.

3. SEO is a hierarchic classification of four levels. Level 1 of the classification has 5 sectors, level 2 has 17 divisions, level 3 has 119 groups, and level 4 has 847 objectives.

Classification Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification – Socio-Economic Objective
Abbreviation ANZSRC.SEO
Version V1.0
Effective date 31-03-2008

Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification – Socio-Economic Objective

ANZSRC.SEO V1.0
A Defence
B Economic Development
C Society
D Environment
E Expanding Knowledge

The above classification only displays the classification at its highest level. The full classification is available in the 'Available Files' section on the research page.

The residual categories are defined in Glossary and references

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