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Glossary and references

Glossary

Dwelling

A dwelling is any building or structure, or part thereof, that is used (or intended to be used) for the purpose of human habitation. It can be of a permanent, temporary or even mobile nature and includes structures such as motels, hotels, hospitals, prisons, motor homes, huts, and tents.

At the highest level, dwellings are classified as private or non-private. A private dwelling accommodates a person or a group of persons, but not the public generally. Included are houses, flats, and apartments; residences attached to a business or institution; baches, cribs and huts; garages: caravans, cabins and tents; vehicles; vessels; or dwellings of the above types that are under construction.

All other dwellings are non-private and are available to the public for use either generally, or by virtue of occupation or study, special need, or legal requirement. Such dwellings may have facilities (such as a dining room) that are for shared use. These dwellings include: hotels and motels; guest houses and boarding houses; hostels; public and private hospitals; homes for the elderly; educational, welfare, religious and charitable institutions; prisons and penal institutions; defence establishments; work camps, staff quarters and seasonal quarters; motor camps and other communal dwellings. If this type of accommodation includes units that are designed for the exclusive use (temporarily) of one or more persons, the units are considered to be part of the non–private dwelling and not separate non–private dwellings. Private residences that are attached to non-private dwellings are, however, considered to be separate private dwellings.

Dwelling occupancy status

Dwelling occupancy status refers to whether the dwelling is occupied or not and why it is unoccupied.

Dwelling type

Dwelling type refers to the structure and function of the dwelling.

Household

A household is either one person who usually resides alone or two or more persons, who usually reside together and share facilities (such as eating facilities, cooking facilities, bathroom and toilet facilities, a living area).

Occupied dwelling

A dwelling is defined as occupied if it is:

  1. Occupied at midnight on the night of the data collection; or
  2. Occupied at any time during the twelve hours following midnight on the night of the data collection unless the occupant(s) completed a questionnaire at another dwelling during that period.
  3. Occupied during the period of data collection.

Residual categories

Don’t know

Use of this category is discretionary. The use of a category capturing don't know responses is most applicable to household surveys where don't know may be a legitimate response to certain questions.

Refused to answer

This category is only used when it is known that the respondent has purposefully chosen not to respond to the question. Use of this residual category in processing is optional. Its use is most applicable in face–to–face or telephone interviews, but may be used in self–completed questionnaires if the respondent has clearly indicated they refuse or object to answering the question.

Repeated value

Use of this category is discretionary. It is only used for questions that allow multiple responses. It is used when a respondent has given two responses that have the same code. This may be two written responses, or one tick box response and one written response. For example, someone may tick the English language tick box response option and also write "English" in the blank space.

Response unidentifiable

This category is used when there is a response given, but:

  1. the response is illegible, or
  2. it is unclear what the meaning or intent of the response is – this most commonly occurs when the response being classified contains insufficient detail, is ambiguous or is vague, or
  3. the response is contradictory eg, both the yes and no tick boxes have been ticked, or
  4. the response is clear and seemingly within the scope of the classification but can not be coded because no suitable option (particularly other residual category options such as 'not elsewhere classified' or 'not further defined') exists in the classification or codefile.
Response outside scope

This category is used for responses that are positively identified (ie the meaning and the intent are clear) but which clearly fall outside the scope of the classification/topic as defined in the standard.

Not stated

This category is only used where a respondent has not given any response to the question asked, ie it is solely for non–response.

References

Statistics New Zealand (1997). 1996/97 Household Economic Survey Detailed Expenditure Analysis, Wellington.

United Nations (1998). Recommendations for the 2000 Censuses of Population and Housing in the ECE Region, Brussels.

Department of Statistics (1991). 1991 Census of Population and Dwellings: Concepts Definitions and Classifications, Wellington.

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