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Workplace address

Workplace address consists of the distinguishing details of the physical location of a workplace, and can include the name of a building, street number, name and type; suburb or rural locality; and city, town or district.

‘Workplace’ is a supporting concept for workplace address and is defined in Glossary and references.

Workplace address indicator

The workplace address indicator describes whether the respondent works at home or away from home.

Operational issues

Survey respondents should state the address of their main work site in the time period specified by the survey. If the respondent has more than one job they should specify the work site where they spent the most hours. Some surveys do not specify one main work site, in which case the addresses of several (how many depends on the particular survey) work sites may be collected regardless of how many hours were spent where.

Respondents ‘worked at home’ if they mostly worked at home. ‘Mostly worked at home’ means that of the time worked in that job, at least half was worked at home.

Respondents who were absent from work during the time period specified should supply details of their usual workplace.

Respondents who have no fixed workplace (for example milk vendors, sales representatives, and drivers) should state the depot, headquarters or reporting point from which they operate. Respondents who have no fixed reporting or assembly point should state that they have no fixed address. Respondents who work on a ship should supply the name of the port at which the ship is berthed on the night of the data collection. If the ship is not berthed on the night of the data collection then the respondent should supply the name of the next port of call.

Respondents may be unable to supply sufficiently detailed or correct information on the address of their workplace. Coding respondents to the depot, headquarters or reporting point from which they operate, or the next port of call if they are on an unberthed ship will distort the number of people appearing to work at that place. Therefore, it is possible that some workplace address data may be incomplete or inaccurate affecting estimates about daytime populations and traffic flows.

The main use of 'workplace address' within Statistics NZ is to code industry to a respondent using the Business Frame. If a respondent's details are not sufficient to do this, there are other means by which to do so. Other questions such as 'name of employer' or 'main activity' can assist in coding industry. Similarly, these questions can also be used to code institutional sector, a secondary use of workplace address, via a separate codefile.

A respondent's workplace address may differ from the address of their employer, which is the address that appears in the Business Frame. In this case, workplace address cannot be used to code industry or institutional sector to the respondent, and other means of coding, as noted above, need to be used. Users of the workplace address classification need to be aware of the difference between 'workplace address' and 'address of employer' which is explained under 'Explanatory notes'.

It may be necessary to supply guide notes to help respondents answer this question and to explain to them why it is important. For example, the Census 2006 Guide Notes include information about what workplace address information is used for.

Explanatory notes

Alternative name

‘Workplace address’ has been called ‘address of workplace’ in the past. The term ‘workplace address’ is preferred because it is more concise and it is consistent with the term ‘dwelling address’.

Similar concepts

‘Address of employer’ is a different concept to ‘workplace address’, although in most cases the address information will be identical. For people such as temporary workers, cleaners and others whose services are contracted out by their employer, or people who work from home for an employer who is based at another address, the address of the employer may be different to the address of the respondent’s workplace. Like 'workplace address', information on address of the employer is useful for helping assign an industry or institutional sector code to the respondent. However, it should be clear that they are different concepts.

‘Business location’ is a physical location at which or from which a business operates, and is used in economic and financial surveys as an attribute of an economically significant statistical unit. By contrast, ‘workplace address’ is the physical location of an individual's place of paid employment, and represents an attribute of a person.

The workplace address indicator classification contains a category for ‘worked at home’. This is the physical location of the place where the respondent works. A distinction is made from the similar concept of working ‘from’ home. ‘Worked from home’ refers to the physical location of the place of business. For example, the physical location of the business of a self-employed electrician may be their usual residence, and they therefore work from home. The respondent however, may only spend one-quarter of their work time working at home, and three-quarters of their work time away from home. In this instance the respondent would not be classified to ‘worked at home’.

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