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Glossary

hapū
A sub-tribe; most iwi comprise two or more hapū, although a number of smaller iwi have marae but no hapū (source: Te Kāhui Māngai).

iwi
A Māori tribe descended from a common named ancestor or ancestors, and is usually composed of a number of hapū (source: Te Kāhui Māngai). The Iwi today is the focal economic and political unit of the traditional Māori descent and kinship-based hierarchy of waka, iwi, hapū, and whānau (source: Statistical standard for iwi).

marae
A traditional meeting place for whānau, hapū, and iwi members, usually characterised by a named wharenui (meeting house) (abridged; source: Te Kāhui Māngai).

kaumātua
Adult, elder, elderly man, elderly woman, old man – a person of status within the whānau (source: Māori dictionary).

rohe
A boundary, district, region, territory, area, border (of land) (source: Māori dictionary).

tangata whenua
Local people, hosts, indigenous people – people born of the whenua, ie of the placenta and of the land where the people's ancestors have lived and where their placenta are buried (source: Māori dictionary).

taonga
Treasure, anything prized - applied to anything considered to be of value including socially or culturally valuable objects, resources, phenomenon, ideas, and techniques (source: Māori dictionary).

urban marae
Non-traditional marae, not specifically associated with any particular hapū. They often serve as meeting places for the wider community and are also commonly called Community; Ngā Hau e Whā; Ngā Mātā Waka; or Pan-tribal marae (abridged; source: Te Kāhui Māngai).

whakapapa
Genealogy, genealogical table, lineage, descent – reciting whakapapa is an important skill and reflects the importance of genealogies in Māori society in terms of leadership, land and fishing rights, kinship, and status. It is central to all Māori institutions (abridged; source: Māori dictionary).

whānau
A family or extended family (source: Te Kāhui Māngai).

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