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Workforces on the move

Author

Dr Rosemary Goodyear

Abstract

In the last 20 years, a combination of factors such as high house prices and the desirability of small town and rural lifestyles have resulted in the development of more flexible and varied commuting patterns. There has been a transformation in the New Zealand countryside with the development of lifestyle blocks around cities and the extension of coastal communities. This development has led to a significant shift in the characteristics of the rural population, as areas close to cities became increasingly linked to urban areas. Smaller towns close to cities have also expanded as people have chosen to move there for reasons of cost and lifestyle. The impact of these decisions has had major implications for transport systems and affects community resources and cohesion. Although these developments have occurred throughout New Zealand, they have had the most visible effect in the Auckland region, which has experienced the largest numerical increase in population, but have been replicated to some extent in Wellington and Christchurch.

This paper explores and compares commuting patterns around the largest cities in New Zealand: the four cities of Auckland (the Auckland metropolis), the four cities in the Wellington region (the Wellington metropolis) and Christchurch city. While focusing on information from the 2006 Census, this paper will also include an historical perspective, examining the change in the proportion of people commuting to these cities. It will also examine whether there were any differences in aspects of human capital between long distance commuters and the general employed population.

pdf icon. Workforces on the move: An examination of commuting patterns to the cities of Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch (PDF, 1,767KB)

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